There are two types of adaptation — term and long-term.
Short-term adaptation represents the complex reactions that occur in direct response to the action of the stimulus. It is implemented on the basis of mechanisms, the new programs thus formed. The main distinguishing features of urgent adaptation is on the one hand – substantial consumption of resources and the relatively low efficiency of
the reaction. In other words, short-term adaptation is imperfect. Example, running an untrained person. When this occurs close to the limit activation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, the maximum mobilization of glycogen in the liver. Rapid accumulation of lactic acid in the blood limits the intensity of physical activity musculoskeletal reaction can be neither fast enough nor long enough. Continue reading